Apartment rent is a common case but still it raises many questions. Do I need a contract? What will happen if I leave an apartment abruptly without warning the owner? Can I get a deposit back if the owner does not want to give it back?
Insist on the contract
Imagine that you have found a wonderful option: an inexpensive comfortable apartment with a convenient location and benevolent mistress. You know that you need to make a contract, but she tells you: “We don’t need any contract! Just pay money – and that’s it.” Perhaps it will be so – and maybe one day her son will return from the business trip and force you to leave. If you are lucky, in such a situation you will be allowed to collect things and leave quietly, and if not – you can stumble upon the replaced locks, and retrieve things with the help of police, which also will need a proof that they are yours (this is by no means obvious – you don’t have the grounds to store things in this apartment). If you have paid in advance, you can never see this money again. If the person you want to rent an apartment from does not want to sign a lease, it’s better to look for another housing. Otherwise, there is a risk that you will have to say goodbye to your favorite things.
Think about the end of the contract
If you do not want the landlords to come and check on you every day, make sure that the contract says how often the landlord should check the condition of the apartment – for example, once a month.
It is also useful to indicate in the document, for how long before the end of its validity, the landlord must notify you whether he wants to renew the contract and on what conditions. At the same time, it is better to indicate how far in advance he should warn you that you must leave if he wants to sell an apartment.
Keep in mind that the apartment rental contract is not automatically renewed. After the lease expires, it must be re-signed, if you reach an agreement with the lessee. If you forget to take care of the extension of the contract, you risk facing the closed doors and losing some of your things.
Do not forget about the act of acceptance-transfer
The contract must be accompanied by the act of receiving and transferring the apartment, which must also be signed in duplicate. If such an act doesn`t exist and it is not described in detail what things are in it and how they look, it can become a problem. A week later, the owners can forget that the dishwasher has not been working for a year, and the bath had a leakage, and they will blame you for these damages. The court will be on their side, and you will have to pay for it.
Let’s sum up: you should have a copy of the certificate of the ownership, the permission of another owner or owners, if necessary, two copies of the contract and two copies of the acceptance-transfer certificate. Now you can sign the documents, give one copy to the owners, take the keys and say goodbye, specifying when they will come the next time. After signing the contract, your task is not to violate its terms. As an additional precaution, the documents should be always with you – for example, to prove that you have them, if the owner will suddenly change the locks.